The scarab is an extremely important part of ancient Egyptian mythology and culture. It was, literally, a sacred creature to these people of long ago, both as an insect they would see daily, and a symbol of much more. The scarab was linked to Khephri, the god of the rising sun. The ancient Egyptians believed that Khephri renewed the sun every day before rolling it above the horizon, and then carried it through to the underworld after sunset, only to renew it again the next day.
The sun is the star at the center of our solar system, around which the Earth and other planets revolve. It provides us with heat and light. Astrologically, the Sun is usually thought to represent leadership qualities and the principles of creativity, spontaneity, health and vitality, the sum of which is named the ‘life force.’ For many ancient sun worshippers, the sun was a source of life. It was power and energy, light and warmth. The Scarab King, like the sun, was a source of everything as the leader of his people.
One of the more valued elements, gold represents perfection in all matter, on any level. It also symbolizes humankind’s goal to obtain perfection in mind and spirit. The legend of alchemists turning common metals into gold is actually a parable for the human quest to change base vices like greed, hate and selfishness into qualities like love, virtue and compassion through the process of self-purification. Thus, gold is symbolic of this transition of the soul. The sacred scarab, the First Stone of Power is set as a magnificent jewel in gold.
The quality that Adam learns is compassion, when he saves one of their kidnappers from death.